Risks Factors and Prevention for Melanoma

The risk factor is anything that increases a person’s chance of developing cancer. However, risk factors can affect the development of cancer, and most do not directly lead to cancer. Some people with several risk factors never develop cancer, while others who do not have known risk factors may develop skin cancer. Knowing your risk factors and discussing with your doctor may help you make smarter lifestyle and health care options. The following factors may increase the risk of developing melanoma.

The first one is sun exposure. Exposure to ultraviolet radiation from the sun plays an important role in the development of skin cancer. People live at high-altitude areas or in sunny areas throughout the year are at higher risk of developing skin cancer. Spending a lot of time outside during the middy hours also has a higher risk.

Exposure to ultraviolet B (UVB) radiation from the sun appears to be more closely related to melanoma, but a new research suggests that ultraviolet A (UVA) may also play a role in the development of melanoma and the development of basal and squamous cell skin cancers. Although UVB radiation can cause sunburn and does not pass through windows or other types of glass, UVA can pass through the glass, which can cause skin aging and wrinkling of the skin in addition to skin cancer. Therefore, it is very important to protect your skin from UVA and UVB radiation.  

Secondly, people who use tanning beds, tanning parlors, or sun lamps have an increased risk of developing several types of skin cancers. It is highly recommended not to use an indoor tanning bed. People with many moles are called dysplastic nevi or atypical moles, which leads to a higher risk of melanoma. Dysplastic nevi are large moles with irregular colors and shapes.

Thirdly, people who have fair skin, blond or red hair, blue eyes and freckles have an increased risk of developing melanoma. The risk is also higher for people who have a tendency to burn rather than tan. Different factors lead to different types of skin cancer. Researchers have studied the factors that contribute to this type of cancer, including ways to prevent this disease. However, there are no proven ways to completely prevent this disease but you can reduce your risk by taking some basic measures.

It is significant to lower the risk of developing skin cancer by reducing exposure to UV radiation. This means reducing exposure to the sun and avoiding indoor tanning. That is crucial for people of all ages especially for those who have other risk factors for melanoma. Therefore, you must take some essential ways to protect you from the sun. It is best for you to limit or avoid direct exposure to the sun between 10 a.m. and 4 p.m., because the sun’s rays are most intense during this time. Another way to protect against the sun is to wear sun-protective clothing, including a sun hat that shades the face, neck, and ears. A bucket hat is made with UV protection factor may provide better protection. Besides, choose the best pair of sunglasses to protect your eyes from the harsh sunlight.